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Afar Region

In the past, the Afar people derived the bulk of their food from milk, meat and butter. Nowadays, the pastoral Afar have shifted to grains as the major component in their diet. This is partly attributed to insufficient milk yield and loss of livestock, their gradual integration into a market where they exchange animal products for grain and, exposure to relief food provided in the form of grain during the past famine crises.

Climatic and socio-economic pressures have led to the increased dependence of pastoralists on external assistance. These pressures include recurrent drought and famine, flash floods, disease outbreaks, bush encroachment, loss of livestock, impoverishment, pastoral conflict, and population growth. Although regional government and NGOs have done much work to address these problems, challenges still remain and theres still more work to be done.

In response, EDA has launched an agricultural project in the Semurobi Gelalo district of the Afar Region, in partnership with Self Help Africa (SHA). The projects aim is to increase pastoralist production and profit for 1500 direct beneficiaries and 6000 indirect beneficiaries over two years.