Akaki –Kaliti is one of the ten sub cities of Addis Ababa and is the industrial zone of Addis Ababa as well as the country. It is located in the southern parts of the city. It is 20 kms far from the city’s center and its population is estimated 220,740 with 114,095 female and 106,645 male (2007 Ethiopian Central Statistics Authority) Most of the Kebeles/woredas are found at the out skirts of the city.
The residents of the sub city are factory workers, daily laborers, people working in urban agriculture, civil servants, military personnel, commercial sex workers, unemployed youth and women, etc. From this factory workers and civil servants constitute the majority population segment. The factory workers earn between $ 500 and $ 600 annually. The majority of the factory workers and the rest of the inhabitants earn below US$ 1 a day.
The sub city is an industrial zone where 60% of metal, paints, garment and food processing industries of Addis Ababa are found. Currently, there are more than 300 industries with estimated labor force of 80,000.
The high urbanization associated with population flow to Akaki Kality, being the industrial zone of Addis Ababa influenced the city administration to designate the area as one of the 10 sub-cities in 2005. The sub city is divided in to 11 weredas
Some of the selected target areas where EDA has been operating are shanties. Basic urban amenities are not available in the area. Most of the families’ income in the area is very low and hand to mouth. Different assessment results showed that in the Akaki Kaliti area there are large number of vulnerable children found like street and working children; orphan and other vulnerable children and trafficked and sexually abused and exploited children.
Major program Interventions in Akaki kaliti area
For the last 16 years, EDA has been working on the following programs and exhibited significant impacts in the lives of children, women, youth and the larger community members of the sub city.
Education, Training, and Capacity building program
In the education program the EDA has established 11 Alternative Basic Education centers and created accesses to quality education for more than 20,000 marginalized children. 95 percent of the children have already transferred to formal primary schools and some has joined higher education.
In the training, more than 1,000 youth have been trained on vocational trainings like metal work, wood work, and hotel management and became self reliant and business owners. Currently, the youth are able to hire other unemployed youth in their enterprises and contribute their level best to the reduction of unemployment rate of their community
The capacity building program of education has capacitated 8 formal primary schools of the sub city through trainings, provisions of facilities, reference books, and construction of class rooms for early child hood education centers and strengthening of the schools’ clubs through relevant capacity building trainings and stationary materials.
Community Health& HIV/AIDS prevention
EDA has established two health centers and has been providing prevention education and basic health service to more than 50,000 community members of the sub city. The HIV/AIDS program has created awareness on prevention, care and support for more than 50,000 people and gave care and support to 1,000 mothers who live with the virus through IGA projects.
Orphan and Vulnerable children support
EDA in the area has been supported 8000 Orphan and vulnerable children with basic services of education, health, shelter, legal protection, psychosocial, and economical supports. To make the support of the OVCs sustainable under this program the capacity of 4 CBOs was built through the provisions of relevant trainings and seed money for IGA. Currently, the CBOs have established their own ECCD centers and support more than 200 OVC to get accesses to quality education and provision of nutritional services.
Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)
In this program, to contribute to the improvement of the health and livelihoods of slum dwellers and school children, EDA has constructed more than 100 water points, 5 biogas centers and 100 pit latrines in the community and primary schools of the sub city. As a result of this intervention, the incidence of water related diseases in the target community and schools has been significantly reduced and students and community members in slum neighborhoods improved their hygiene behavior and sanitation practices. The livelihood of the target groups, (50 women and 60 youth organized in enterprises) has improved using WASH facilities (biogas digester, cafeteria, and shower services). Environmental sanitation of the target community and schools has significantly changed and became friendly to the school and target community. This program has provided the weredas of the sub- city with more than 100 garbage and dust bins.
1,325 children have been benefited from this program through education, health and nutrition, WASH and institutional strengthening services. This program has built the capacity of formal schools of the sponsored children through the provisions of thousands of reference books, desks, playing materials, mini media materials, computers, TV sets, DVD materials and constructed pit latrines, and water points within the schools. Hundreds of old houses of the children renovated and became friendly to them.
Under the institutional strengthening sector the program has established two saving and credit and two urban agriculture cooperatives and built their capacities through the provisions of relevant trainings, agricultural inputs, working facilities and seed money. The cooperatives currently run a capital of 2 million of birr in their respective cooperatives and impacted the wellbeing of their children
Youth Livelihood and Development
Under this program 200 unemployed youth have been trained on street banking toolkit training and provided with a provision of seed money to start their business. Currently, the youth are able to generate sustainable income and became self sufficient to support their family members. The youth are engaged in shoe shining, sales of vegetables, beekeeping, and other similar small vendors